First, what does NATO’s Section 5 really mean?
– The gist of the article is that an attack on a member country means that all members have been attacked. It has been the foundation of the alliance formed in the 1940s. The idea behind it is definitely blocking, because if you go to a state, you go to everyone, including the United States.
How does the decision-making process go if a member state is militarily attacked?
– First, the NATO Security Council convenes to examine whether Section 5 meets the needs of the situation. If the answer is “yes”, they will go ahead and NATO will jointly pledge its support to the affected member. Negotiations begin on how each member state should act and contribute. What exactly each member does is determined by the individual state. It’s not like everything kicks in for a member being attacked, but decisions are constantly made about what the answers to the aggression will be. NATO’s ultimate goal is to restore security in the affected country.
If a member is attacked, is there any doubt as to what is the value of Section 5?
– Although each member country decides its own contribution, there is a moral pressure for members to act. You can not get anything if you do not give yourself one. This is underestimated stress.
Should a NATO member accept nuclear weapons in its territory?
– NATO does not have its own nuclear weapons. Existing are from the United States, Great Britain and France. However, a member state may apply to have US nuclear weapons in its territory – known as “nuclear sharing”. Today, the United States is the only country that shares nuclear weapons with Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Turkey. It includes a total of 100 tactical atomic bombs in Europe, guarded by US Air Force personnel.
If we are attacked, what help can Sweden expect during the application process?
– NATO has no obligation to protect us at that time. However, individual member states can offer their support. For example, the United Kingdom may express solidarity with Sweden and, if necessary, park aircraft, ship or ground units here.
If you became a member, what would it be like to be on a foreign group?
Sweden can apply to have foreign units in its territory. In Poland and the Baltic countries, such a presence is desirable and derived from strong NATO members and still prevents Russia. If a state is attacked, Latvia or Lithuania and if there are divisions of another member state, they will also be attacked, which further raises the barrier.
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