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Satellites will make the moon more convenient

Satellites will make the moon more convenient

Future travelers should not stumble upon the moon at random. Therefore, the celestial body must be equipped with its own system for satellite navigation. Announces ESA, the European Space Agency.

It should be easier to find the right person for those who go to the moon, according to space organizations ESA and NASA. Photo gallery.picture: Liz serud / TT

In the next few years, a number of new explorations to the moon are planned. Starting next year, for example, Japan, China, India, Russia and the United Arab Emirates plan to launch lunar landers and spacecraft to explore the mountains and valleys of the celestial body in various projects. And in 2024, NASA plans again, for the first time in more than 50 years, to allow astronauts to walk on the surface of the Moon.

A little later, there are also plans to create a permanent moon base. So now is the time to beautify the digital infrastructure of the moon, according to the European Space Agency and NASA.

Today, lunar travelers rely on signals from large and expensive networks of antennas on Earth to get to the right place. For those who are used to just entering an address into the phone, it’s an incomprehensibly slow procedure, which also produces a somewhat shaky result. Instead of being accurate to a few meters, a person who would land on the moon might be grateful if the site did not deviate more than a few kilometers.

Therefore, the European Space Agency and NASA have commissioned two coalitions to develop plans for how to equip the moon with its own network of satellites.

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“A robust and reliable navigation and communication system will make dozens of planned lunar missions more cost-effective, and enable even smaller countries to become space travel nations that inspire future generations of scientists and engineers,” said Elodi Viau of the European Space Agency.

In addition to facilitating navigation, satellites will allow large amounts of information to be sent faster than today, for example from the back of the moon. The relationship there is so bad that American astronaut Michael Collins felt “lonely in a way never before seen on Earth” when, in 1969, he revolved around revolutions around the moon, waiting for fellow travelers Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin to return from the flight down the surface of the celestial body.

So they don’t have to be while on or near the moon, according to the European Space Agency and NASA.

“Now we’re all used to video meetings. Who knows, maybe we’ll be able to Skype from the Moon,” says Elodi Viau.

As plans are now, satellites could be in place by the end of this decade.


The man and the moon

The first thing humans made to reach the moon was the Soviet Luna 2, which landed in 1959.

In 1969, Apollo 11 landed on the moon and American Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the moon.

China made its first lunar landing in 2013. In January 2019, the Chang’e-4 spacecraft landed on the moon’s surface, something that no country had successfully achieved before.

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A few other countries, including Japan and India, have attempted to send spacecraft to the moon.