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Patient at this year's Karolinska CCC Day

Patient at this year's Karolinska CCC Day

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(Father vs.) Yvonne Wengstrom and Cecilia Haddad Ringborg spoke about the importance of exercise to prevent cancer and improve response to cancer treatment. Photo: Malin Jochumsen.

The positive effect of exercise applies to everyone. The more active you are, the lower your risk of cancer Cecilia Haddad Ringburg.

Studies have also shown that physical activity can improve response to treatment and reduce the risk of relapse.

– If patients know that physical activity can improve the chance of survival, they are likely to want help in actually being physically active during treatment, according to the evaluation. Yvonne Wingstrom Physical activity is encouraged on prescription.

Designed therapeutic vaccines

Gunilla Carlsson Heidstam, Professor at Department of Microbiology, Oncology and Cell Biology At Karolinska Institutet, I presented several aspects of the role of the immune system in the development of precision medicine cancer treatment.

In addition to emphasizing the importance of developing vaccines against more cancer-causing viruses, she also considered several current treatment methods where the immune system is activated to fight cancer.

Among others, a type of cell therapy in which T cells from patients are modified to target cancer cells. Another method is checkpoint therapy, an immunotherapy in which certain T cells are blocked to prevent them from defending cancer cells.

Finally, Gunilla Carlsson Heidestam touched on the growing space for tailored therapeutic vaccines.

One example of the challenges researchers face with vaccine development is that each tumor is unique and tumors often suppress the immune system. The solution to both of these challenges is personalized vaccines.

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