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James Webb will point his camera at Jupiter's Great Red Spot

TRAPPIST-1 exoplanet study (early 2024)

Webb will observe the TRAPPIST-1 system, which contains seven Earth-sized exoplanets orbiting an ultracool dwarf star about 40 light-years away. The telescope will study the atmospheres of these planets to determine whether any of them could support life.

Mapping older galaxies (mid-2024)

One of Webb's main goals is to observe the first galaxies that formed after the Big Bang more than 13.5 billion years ago. In 2024, it will conduct deep surveys of galaxy formation and early evolution when the universe was only a few hundred million years old.

Jupiter's Great Red Spot (late 2024)

Webb will point his powerful infrared instruments at Jupiter to study the planet's famous Great Red Spot storm in unprecedented detail. This will provide insight into the storm's structure, dynamics and chemistry.

SMACS 0723 Galaxy Cluster (early 2025)

The telescope will revisit the SMACS 0723 galaxy cluster that has provided some of the deepest infrared images of the early universe to date thanks to gravitational lensing effects that amplify the distant galaxy's light.

Titan's atmosphere (mid 2025)

Webb plans to study the atmosphere of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, in 2025. He will map the composition of the moon's surface and atmosphere to better understand the complex chemistry of this hazy world.

Transits of extrasolar planets (ongoing)

Throughout 2024 and 2025, Webb will continue to observe exoplanets as they transit or pass in front of their parent stars. This allows the atmospheres of exoplanets to be studied by analyzing how starlight passes through them

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