Fisheries quota in trade and cooperation agreement
EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement describes possible terms for both parties Individual fishing rights In the respective water. According to the contract, 25% of EU fishing rights Gradually transferred to British navies in British waters between 2021 and 2026.
Both parties to the agreement agreed to ensure fishing activities related to common reserves in their waters.
- There is Environmental sustainability Long term
- Contribution Livelihood of fishermen
There is something in the deal Licensing system for fishing vessels This provides mutual access to each party.
Mentioned in Appendix 35 of the Agreement List of fish resources They are considered common sources. This list includes about 100 fish resources in the Atlantic and North Seas.
The contract defines it Percentage Assigned to the European Union and the United Kingdom, respectively For each common fishery. According to the agreement, both parties must hold Annual consultations Determine it Total allowable capture For each fish species and their respective fishing rights in relation to the percentage specified in the contract.
The role of the Council
For many years, public sector fishing opportunities were negotiated and established annually at the Agriculture and Fisheries Council in December. Following the new EU-UK agreement, fishing opportunities for shares jointly managed by both parties By consultation Between them, according to international law.
Consultations with the United Kingdom are guided by the European Commission. The Council is fully informed And participates in the entire consultation process.
Role of the Council:
- Give commission Guidance on the status of the EU in the consultations will be constantly updated on the progress of the negotiations
- Approval Final agreement on annual allocations before formal completion of consultations with the United Kingdom
Bilateral consultations for 2021-2022
In accordance with the Trade and Cooperation Agreement, fishing allocations for common stocks for 2021 and consultations for deep sea stocks for 2021 and 2022 were held after the agreement was approved.
In February 2021, the European Commission approved the plan Council decision In the case of allocations for 2021 and some deep-sea shares, the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in bilateral consultations with the United Kingdom for 2021 and 2022. 2021, emphasizes Many policies As a guide for advice, Inter Alia
- To ensure compliance with International Duties and Obligations
- Efforts should be made to ensure that allocations are made in accordance with the purpose Maximum fixed income (MSY) in general fisheries policy, and that fishing Environmental sustainability Long-term and managed to ensure Employment and livelihoods
- Should basically try to set allocations Excellent scientific advice And, if such advice is not available, follow the policy Precautionary approach In fishing
- Should strive to develop a quota transfer mechanism Equivalent termsAnd emphasizing the need for a flexible and practical mechanism to implement year-round transfers between individual member states and the United Kingdom;
- The Council needs to do its part Final approval
Based on the guidance given to EU Ministers by Council decision, the Commission consulted with its British counterparts. A total of five consultation rounds were conducted in January-May.
On Initial contract Reached 2 June 2021 between EU and UK. The agreement sets the total allowable catch for 75 common fisheries by 2021 and some deep-sea stocks for 2021 and 2022. It also affects some organisms that are subject to reservations. The contract is guaranteed Fishing opportunities for EU and UK navies In the water of both parties until the end of 2021.
Following the award of the Commission’s initial agreement The council approved the agreement In an informal video conference with fisheries ministers on June 9.
The agreement is a milestone in EU-UK relations and sets a strong precedent for negotiating with the UK on future fishing opportunities. This provides clarity and stability to commercial fishermen, while ensuring that marine resources continue to be used in a sustainable manner.
Ricardo Cerrio Santos, Portuguese Minister for Maritime Affairs
Following the Council’s approval, the agreement will now be converted into EU law. One Special Committee on Fisheries Established in accordance with the Trade and Cooperation Agreement to conclude any unresolved issues, including fully defined quota transactions and certain technical activities in the Agreement.
Initial allocation for 2021
In December 2020, EU ministers agreed Initial and limited fishing opportunities For the first three months of 2021, the EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement was not signed. The purpose of the preliminary provisions is that the EU fishing navy may continue to fish unhindered until a final agreement is reached.
Initial allocations include a proportional extension of 2020 fishing opportunities for three months from 2021. Some of the ministers agreed The exception For many stocks based on seasonal and scientific advice.
Ministers agreed to extend temporary fishing opportunities at the Agriculture and Fisheries Council in March 2021 Until July 31, 2021 To ensure that the EU Navy’s fishing activities can continue unhindered until tangible fishing opportunities are identified.
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