Background: went towards the middle
The Green Party (German Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen) emerged in its current form in 1993, when the West German Green Party merged with parts of the East German civil movement. However, the West German party was founded as early as 1980, and entered the Bundestag in Bonn in 1983.
Between 1998 and 2005, the Green Government was formed, along with the Social Democrats (SPD), under the leadership of Gerhard Schroeder.
The party pursues issues such as the environment, gender equality and human rights. In the run-up to the 2013 elections, efforts were made to attract left-wing voters by focusing on distribution politics, but they lost support compared to previous elections. After that, the party took steps towards the center. At the state level, they cooperate with both Christian Democrats and Social Democrats. Many people usually talk about a pragmatic, centrist-oriented, idealistic left-wing battalion.
In the fall of 2017, the party went to the polls for a liberal asylum and immigration policy. The electoral program also called for a ban on exhaust-free cars from 2030, as well as the abolition of joint taxes for new marriages and a moratorium on genetically modified crops. After the elections, the party entered government talks with the CDU, CSU and FDP parties, but negotiations broke down when the FDP withdrew.
In 2018, Annalina Barbock and Robert Habeck took over the leadership of the party. Both belong to the so-called realist phalanx, the pragmatic phalanx.
In the 2019 EU elections, the Green Party scored a huge success with 20.5 percent of the vote, nearly double compared to the 2014 EU elections, when the party received 10.7 percent.
Many observers believe that the party will be part of Germany’s next coalition government, either alongside the CDU/CSU or in some form of alliance with the SPD.
Källa: Federal Agency for Political Education, TT
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