The deviation of the surface temperature for May 2022 compared to the May average for the period 1991-2020. Data source: ERA5. Source: Copernicus Climate Change Service / ECMWF.
Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S)implemented by the European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecast on behalf of the European Commission, routinely publishes monthly climate bulletins that report on changes observed in the global report. surface air temperatureAnd the sea ice And the Hydrological variables. All reported results are based on computer-generated analyzes using billions of measurements from satellites, ships, aircraft and weather stations around the world.
Surface air temperature in May 2022:
- worldwide The month was seen, along with May 2018 and 2021, the fifth warmest month measured in May.
- In southwestern Europe, temperatures were well above average with respect to a heat wave that broke national and local heat records for both the highest and lowest daily temperatures.
- Temperatures were also well above average in a range stretching from western Siberia through Central Asia to northern India and Pakistan, and across the Horn of Africa and the southern United States, Mexico and Antarctica.
- Below-average temperatures dominated far eastern Europe, large parts of South America, parts of the Arctic and western Canada.
Average daily deviations of maximum and minimum surface temperatures for southwestern Europe during May from 1979 to 2022, compared to 1991-2020. Data source: ERA5. Source: Copernicus Climate Change Service / ECMWF.
Surface Temperatures for Spring 2022 (March-May):
- For Europe as a whole, spring temperatures were just below the 1991-2020 average
- Regional differences were significant with parts of Western Europe well above average temperature, while central and eastern parts below average.
- For Pakistan and northwest India, located in a large area of unusual heat, the season was marked by prolonged heat waves and record highs of both the highest and lowest temperatures during the day.
Maps, time series, and data values for temperature quoted from ECMWF Copernicus Climate Change Services ERA5 data. Area averages of temperatures over European regions are part of regular C3S monitoring and are determined only over land with the following latitude/longitude limits: Europe: 25°W-40°E, 34°N-72°N, Southwest Europe 25°W-15°E, 34°N -45°N. Information for Southwest Europe also includes information from national and regional reports.
Information about Pakistan and Northern India is based on national reports, as well as the average ERA5 data set for the region 20-37°N, 61-78°E.
C3S followed the recommendation of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to use the past 30 years to calculate climate averages and changed to the 1991-2020 reference period for C3S Climate Bulletins covering January 2021 and beyond. Figures and graphics for both the new and previous periods (1981-2010) are provided for transparency.
More information on weather changes in May, weather updates from previous months and HD graphics can be downloaded here:
More information about how C3S data is collected:
More information about changing the reference period:
Answers to frequently asked questions about temperature monitoring:
About Copernicus and ECMWF
Copernicus is part of the European Union’s Space Programme, funded by the European Union, the flagship Earth observation programme. The operation operates through six thematic services: Atmosphere, Marine, Land, Climate Change, Security and Emergencies. It provides freely available operational data and services that provide users with reliable and up-to-date information about our planet and its environment. The program is coordinated and managed by the European Commission and implemented in partnership with Member States, the European Space Agency (ESA), the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMTSAT), the European Center for Medium Distance Forecasting (ECMWF), European Union agencies, Mercator Océan and more.
ECMWF operates two services of the European Union’s Copernicus Earth Observation Program: the Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Service (CAMS) and the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S). They also contribute to the Copernican Emergency Management Service (CEMS), which is implemented by the European Union Joint Research Council (JRC). The European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) is an independent intergovernmental organization supported by 35 countries. It is a 24/7 operational research and service institute that produces and publishes digital weather forecasts to its member states. These data are fully available to the national meteorological services of the member states. The supercomputer facility (and associated data archives) at the ECMWF is one of the largest of its kind in Europe and member states can use 25% of its capacity for their own purposes.
ECMWF has increased the number of places in which it does business. In addition to the UK headquarters and the computing center in Italy, new offices focusing on activities implemented in partnership with the European Union, such as Copernicus, will be located in Bonn, Germany starting in the summer of 2021.
Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service: http://atmosphere.copernicus.eu/
ECMWF Web: https://www.ecmwf.int/
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